Selection of the Optimal Tire for an FSAE Vehicle based on Evaluation of Key Performance Parameters

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.main##

Achanta Simha Sreekar
Kapilesh Kathiresh
Prashanth Barathan

Abstract

Tires are the components which physically connect the vehicle body to the ground, thus choosing the correct set of tires is important, not only to achieve the most out of the car but also to provide the platform, based on which the suspension and steering geometry of the vehicle are designed. This selection has to be based on the comparison of various available sets of tires and evaluating them based on key performance parameters, such as peak lateral force (Fy), peak self-aligning torque (Mz), instantaneous cornering stiffness and instantaneous camber stiffness. The tire which gives the best possible combination of all these parameters would help achieve sufficiently good acceleration and speed, and also have a sufficiently large window of operation, where it is robust and less sensitive to changes. Thus, the tire, which achieves the best balance of properties between performance, driveability, cost and robustness would be the chosen tire for the car, which forms the basis of the next steps of the chassis design.

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.details##

How to Cite
Achanta Simha Sreekar, Kapilesh Kathiresh, & Prashanth Barathan. (2022). Selection of the Optimal Tire for an FSAE Vehicle based on Evaluation of Key Performance Parameters. ARAI Journal of Mobility Technology, 2(4), 377–385. https://doi.org/10.37285/ajmt.2.4.5

References

  1. R.P.Rajvardhan, S.R. Shankapal and S.M. Viaykumar. (2011). Effect of wheel geometry parameter on vehicle steering. SASTech-Techincal journal of RUAS.
  2. Schommer, Adriano & Soliman, Paulo & Farias, Lucas & Martins, Mario. (2015). Analysis of a Formula SAE Vehicle Suspension: Chassis Tuning, SAE international, 10.4271/2015-36-0275. http://dx.doi.org/10.4271/2015-36-0275
  3. Varsha S Swamy, H G Karan Shivayogi and Rajesh Mathivanan.(2020). Selection of optimal tire and design optimization of steering system for a formula student race car through tire data treatment, Journal of physics: Conference series. 1478 012032. https://doi.org/10.1088/17426596/1478/1/012032
  4. Sadjyot Biswal, Aravind Prasanth, R. Udayakumar, M.N. Sankaram and Dhruvil Patel. (2017). Design of steering system for a small Formula type vehicle using tire data and slip angles, MATEC Web Conf. VOLUME 124 07007 (2017) DOI: 10.1051/matecconf/201712407007. https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/201712407007
  5. Gillespie, Thomas D. 1992. Fundamentals of Vehicle Dynamics. Premiere Series Books. Warrendale: SAE International.
  6. William F. Milliken and Douglas L. Milliken, 1995, “Race Car Vehicle Dynamics”, Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc
  7. Levy, Alex and Potter, James J. (2019). Design of the WUFR-19 FSAE Suspension. Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science Independent Study. 83. https://openscholarship.wustl.edu/mems500/83
  8. Sivaramakrishnan, Srikanth & Taheri, Saied. (2013). Using Objective Vehicle-Handling Metrics for Tire Performance Evaluation and Selection. SAE International Journal of Passenger Cars - Mechanical Systems. 6. 732-740. https://doi.org/10.4271/2013-01-0743.