Studying Forces on Three Different Designs of Formula 1 Front Wing

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.main##

P. Nimje
R. Kakde

Abstract

A simulation-based study of three different types of front wing designs used in the modern Formula 1 cars was done. The study mainly focuses on the aerodynamic forces that a Formula One car generates mainly the Downforce, the Drag force, & the Lateral force. These forces were studied in detail & taken a closer look at how do they migrate during the dynamic conditions the car is thrown into namely at various Ride Height changes, at various Side Slip (Yaw) Angles. A further elaborative study of the force builds up across the span of the wing was studied giving us a better picture of the concentration of the Downforce, drag force, & Lateral force being generated which will help us to correlate the pressure distribution data across the wingspan to the actual downforce concentration figures. A brief study of the flow field & flow lines was conducted along with the vortex generation for all three wings. A short comparison was made between the modern wing & a wing Ferrari used in the 1998 season, which will help us to understand the inherent problems that those designs had & how modern wings get around those.

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.details##

How to Cite
P. Nimje, & R. Kakde. (2022). Studying Forces on Three Different Designs of Formula 1 Front Wing. ARAI Journal of Mobility Technology, 2(4), 332–365. https://doi.org/10.37285/ajmt.2.4.2

References

  1. Katz, J. Aerodynamics of race cars, Annu Rev Fluid Mech, 2006, 38, pp 27-63.
  2. Katz, J. Aerodynamic Effects of Indy Car Components, 2002, SAE 2002-01-3311.
  3. Zhang, X., Toet, W. &Zerihan, J. Ground effect aerodynamics of racing cars, Applied Mechanics Review, 2006, 59, (1), 33-49.
  4. Kellar, W.P., Targett, G.J., Savill, A.M. &Dawes, W.N. An Investigation of Flowfield Influences Around the Front Wheel of a Formula 1 Car. Proc. 3rd Int Conf on the Engineering of Sport, 2000, pp353-360, June, Sheffield, UK.
  5. Zhang, X. &Zerihan, J. Edge vortices of a double element wing in ground effect, J Aircr, 2004, 41, (5), pp 1127-1137.
  6. Zhang, X. &Zerihan, J. Aerodynamics of a doubleelement wing in ground effect, AIAA J, 2003,41, (6), pp 1007-1016.
  7. Zerihan, J. &Zhang, X. Aerodynamics of Gurney flaps on a wing in ground effect, AIAA J, 2001, 39, (5), pp 772-780.
  8. Zerihan, J. &Zhang, X. Aerodynamics of a single element wing in ground effect, J Aircr, 2000, 37, (6), pp 1058-1064.
  9. Patil, Aniruddha, Siddharth Kshirsagar, &Tejas Parge. "Study of Front Wing of Formula One Car Using Computational Fluid Dynamics." International Journal of Mechanical Engineering &Robotics Research 3, no. 4 (2014): 282.
  10. William J Jasinski &Michael S Selig (1998), “Experimental Study of OpenWheel Race-Car Front Wings”, Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc.
  11. Doig, G., Barber, T. &Neely, A. The influence of compressibility on the aerodynamics of an inverted wing in ground effect, ASME J Fluids Eng, 2011, 133, (6), pp 1-12
  12. Doig, G., Barber, T.J., Leonardi, E. &Neely, A.J. The onset of compressibility effects for an inverted aerofoil in ground effect, Aeronaut J, 2011, 111, (1126), pp 797-806.
  13. Keogh, J., Doig, G. &Diasinos, S. The Influence of Compressibility Effects in Correlation Issues for Aerodynamic Development of Racing Cars, 2012. Proc. 18th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference (AFMC), Australasian Fluid Mechanics Society (AFMS), Lauceston, Australia.
  14. STRATEGY GUIDE: What are the possible race strategies for the Russian GrandPrix? | Formula 1® https://www.formula1.com/en/latest/article.strategyguide-what-are-the-possible-race-strategies-for-therussian-grand.292fIM7raBljiTrw2XRscl.html
  15. STRATEGY GUIDE: What are the possible race strategies for the Dutch GrandPrix? | Formula 1® https://www.formula1.com/en/latest/article.strategyguide-what-are-the-possible-race-strategies-for-thedutch-grand.26oBdXYQp5OWhmG1cAlxN0.html
  16. Tyre dynamics - Racecar Engineering (racecarengineering.com) https://www.racecar-engineering.com/tech-explained/tyre-dynamics/
  17. F1 Legal Notices | Official Formula 1 Website https://www.formula1.com/en/toolbar/legalnotices.html
  18. 2019_technical_regulations_-_2019-03-12.pdf(fia.com) https://www.fia.com/sites/default/files/2019_technical_regulations_-_2019-03-12.pdf
  19. The GG Diagram (temporal.com.au) http://www.temporal.com.au/ggdiag.htm
  20. Legal Notice (michelin.io) https://blogit.michelin.io/legal-notice/