Light Weighting of Buses using Aluminium with Safety and Durability Considerations

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.main##

M. A. Patwardhan
P. A. Nirmal
R. S. Mahajan

Abstract

Automobiles, while making living easy and convenient, have also made human life more complex and vulnerable to toxic emissions. Transport sector is huge contributor in polluting air in the entire world in the tune of around 23%.Mass transport uses buses as the medium for generalized and convenient means for commutation from one place to other. Similar pattern is observed in India for mass transportation mainly in the cities. However, commuting through buses comes with penalty of environmental pollution. City buses are large contributor in GHG emission and can be considered as prime candidates for making any kind of changes which will help in reducing environmental pollution. Immense potential lies in existing bus designs for weight optimization which has direct impact in improving fuel economy and hence will have sustainable impact in reducing carbon emissions.


This paper outlines systematic approach used for development of lightweight buses using Aluminium addressing safety, durability and necessary regulatory requirements. Effective use of aluminium in development of lightweight bus structure is demonstrated in this project. While designing lightweight structure for weight optimization due care is taken for addressing prevailing regulatory norms related to AIS:052 bus body code, AIS:153 outlining safety requirements and Urban Bus Specification issued by Ministry of Road Transport and Highways specifying strength and safety requirements of bus structure.
Aluminium bus designs developed shows more than 30% weight reduction compared to steel structured buses of similar class. Fuel efficiency improvement in the tune of minimum 8% and maximum 10% are observed during field level trials.

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.details##

Author Biographies

M. A. Patwardhan, Engineering Design & Simulation, Automotive Research Association of India,

Engineering Design & Simulation, Automotive Research Association of India, Survey No. 102, Vetal
Hill, off Paud Road, Kothrud, Pune - 411 03

P. A. Nirmal

Engineering Design & Simulation, Automotive Research Association of India, Survey No. 102, Vetal Hill, off Paud Road, Kothrud, Pune - 411 038

R. S. Mahajan

Engineering Design & Simulation, Automotive Research Association of India, Survey No. 102, Vetal Hill, off Paud Road, Kothrud, Pune - 411 038

How to Cite
Patwardhan, M. A., Nirmal, P. A., & Mahajan , R. S. (2021). Light Weighting of Buses using Aluminium with Safety and Durability Considerations . ARAI Journal of Mobility Technology, 1(1), pp25–33. https://doi.org/10.37285/ajmt.1.0.4 (Original work published October 1, 2021)

References

  1. S. B. Muttana, A. Sardar and S. Mubashir, "Light weighting of Public Transport Buses in India: An Impact Analysis", SAE Technical Paper 2011-28-0054, 2011
  2. F. Stodolsky, A. Vyas, R. Cuenca and L. Gaines, "Lifecycle Energy Savings Potential from Aluminium Intensive Vehicles", SAE 1995 Total Life Cycle Conference and Exposition, Vienna, Austria, October 16-19, 1995
  3. F. Stodolsky, A. Vyas, R. Cuenca and L. Gaines, "Lifecycle Energy Savings Potential from Aluminium Intensive Vehicles", SAE 1995 Total Life Cycle Conference and Exposition, Vienna, Austria, October 16-19, 1995.
  4. C. A. Ungureanu, S. Das and L. S. Jawahir, "Life-cycle Cost Analysis: Aluminium versus Steel in Passenger Cars," Technical paper- Aluminium Alloys for Transportation, Packaging, Aerospace and other Applications, TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society), 2007.